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Long-term effects of a severe traumatic brain injury

On Behalf of | Nov 9, 2023 | Injuries

A serious traumatic brain injury can leave a profound impact on an individual’s life. Adapting to life after a severe TBI often requires a long-term adjustment period for both the individual and their support network.

Living with a severe TBI often means relearning how to perform daily tasks, modifying activities to accommodate new limitations and finding new ways to engage with others. Understanding these common challenges may be beneficial.

Physical challenges after TBI

Individuals with severe TBI may experience long-term physical challenges. These can range from persistent headaches and migraines to difficulties with coordination and balance. Some may have seizures or sleep disorders.

Motor functions can be significantly affected. This may result in weakness or paralysis on one side or both sides of the body. This can severely impact an individual’s ability to perform everyday tasks independently.

Cognitive effects are often profound

Cognitive deficits are among the most impactful consequences of a severe TBI. These may include problems with memory and attention span. Individuals may find multitasking or problem-solving far more challenging than before their injury.

Language and communication skills can also be affected. Some people may experience aphasia, which affects the ability to understand and relay messages through verbal or written methods. Executive functions, which include planning, organizing and completing tasks, are also often disrupted.

Emotional and behavioral changes

TBI can cause significant changes in an individual’s personality and emotional state. There may be increased irritability, mood swings and aggressive behavior. Depression and anxiety are also common, depending on the circumstances.

Victims of TBIs must ensure they get immediate medical care. If the injury was the result of someone else’s negligence, seeking compensation is possible. You must ensure you do so before the New York statue of limitations expires.