A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain as a result of a blow, jolt or violent external force. A TBI may also occur as a result of something, such as debris, shrapnel, skull fragments or bullets, passing through the skull and damaging the brain tissue.
A severe brain injury is categorized as a mild or serious traumatic brain injury. The severity of a TBI depends on several factors. Some factors may include the cause, the location or the wideness of the injury. For example, a brain that’s bruised, bleeding or has torn tissue may have a serious TBI rating.
Many people suffer from TBIs after a car accident, slip-and-fall accident, violence or other personal injuries. It may be important to understand the symptoms and the different kinds of TBIs you could suffer from:
Symptoms of a TBI
As a result of a TBI, someone suffering from a TBI may experience physical, emotional, psychological, social and cognitive issues, which can lead to long-term complications, permanent disability or death. The following are symptoms people often suffer from after a TBI:
- ● Dizziness
- ● Nausea
- ● Speech impairment
- ● Light and sound sensitivity
- ● Memory loss
- ● Confusion
- ● Insomnia
These symptoms may be temporary or long-term depending on the kind of injury a victim is suffering from. Some people may seek surgery, treatments or medication to resolve their symptoms.
Closed brain injury
If the brain is injured and the skill is still intact, then the TBI is considered a closed brain injury. A closed brain injury may result from whiplash or a concussion, for example. After an accident, the brain may be bruised and suffer from torn tissue and blood vessels.
Penetrating brain injury
As stated above, the skull may be fractured as a result of a blow or from external forces. When the skull is broken and the brain is damaged, then the injury will likely be considered a penetrating brain injury. These kinds of injuries are often catastrophic and have a higher chance to cause long-term disabilities and death.
Victims of a TBI often have to pay outrageous medical bills. By understanding their legal rights, many victims have been able to relieve their medical bills and seek necessary treatment for their injuries.